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Use a SSH Jump Host With Ansible

In this post we will demonstrate how to use a SSH Bastion or Jump Host with Ansible to reach the target server.

In some scenarios, the target server might be in a private range which is only accessible via a bastion host, and that counts the same for ansible as ansible is using SSH to reach to the target servers.

SSH Config

Our bastion host is configured as bastion and the config under ~/.ssh/config looks like this:

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Host *
    Port 22
    StrictHostKeyChecking no
    UserKnownHostsFile /dev/null
    ServerAliveInterval 60
    ServerAliveCountMax 30

Host bastion
    HostName bastion.mydomain.com
    User bastion
    IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa

To verify that our config is working, you should be able to use:

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$ ssh bastion

Using a Bastion with Ansible

In order to reach our target server we need to use the bastion, so to test the SSH connection we can use this SSH one-liner. Our target server has a IP address of 172.31.81.94 and expects us to provide a ansible.pem private key and we need to authenticate with the ubuntu user:

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$ ssh -o ProxyCommand="ssh -W %h:%p -q bastion" -i ~/.ssh/ansible.pem ubuntu@172.31.81.94

If we can reach our server its time to include it in our playbook.

In our inventory:

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$ cat inventory.ini
[deployment]
server-a ansible_host=172.31.81.94 ansible_user=ubuntu ansible_ssh_private_key_file=~/.ssh/ansible.pem
[deployment:vars]
ansible_ssh_common_args='-o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -o UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null -o ProxyCommand="ssh -W %h:%p -q bastion"'

And our playbook which will use the ping module:

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$ cat playbook.yml
- name: Test Ping
  hosts: deployment
  tasks:
  - action: ping

Test it out:

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$ ansible-playbook -i inventory.ini ping.yml

PLAY [Test Ping] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************

TASK [Gathering Facts] *****************************************************************************************************************************************************
ok: [server-a]

TASK [ping] ****************************************************************************************************************************************************************
ok: [server-a]

PLAY RECAP *****************************************************************************************************************************************************************
server-a                   : ok=2    changed=0    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0
-->

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