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Setup a 3 Node Galera MariaDB Cluster on Ubuntu 16

Today we will setup a 3-Node Galera MariaDB Cluster which is a Multi Master MySQL/MariaDB Cluster on Ubuntu 16.04

Our Server Details:

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172.31.11.174     mysql-1
172.31.13.206     mysql-2
172.31.6.93       mysql-3

Update Repo Index and Upgrade:

Update the repository indexes and install the needed packages:

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$ sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Install the needed repository and packages:

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$ apt install software-properties-common -y
$ apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 0xF1656F24C74CD1D8
$ add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64,i386,ppc64el] http://mirror.lstn.net/mariadb/repo/10.1/ubuntu xenial main'
$ apt update
$ apt install mariadb-server rsync -y

Configuration:

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cat > /etc/mysql/conf.d/galera.cnf << EOF
[mysqld]
binlog_format=ROW
default-storage-engine=innodb
innodb_autoinc_lock_mode=2
bind-address=0.0.0.0

# Galera Provider Configuration
wsrep_on=ON
wsrep_provider=/usr/lib/galera/libgalera_smm.so

# Galera Cluster Configuration
wsrep_cluster_name="my-galera-cluster"
wsrep_cluster_address="gcomm://172.31.11.174,172.31.13.206,172.31.6.93"
# Galera Synchronization Configuration
wsrep_sst_method=rsync

# Galera Node Configuration
wsrep_node_address="172.31.11.174"
wsrep_node_name="mysql-1"
EOF

Comment out bind-address, so that MariaDB process is reachable from other nodes, by default it wont be in the config, but just to make sure, if it is uncommented, comment the config:

/etc/mysql/my.cnf
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# bind-address = 127.0.0.1

Stop the MariaDB Process:

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$ systemctl stop mariadb

Note: Repeat the above steps on all 3 nodes.

Initialize the Cluster:

On the First Node, Initialize the Galera Cluster:

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$ /usr/bin/galera_new_cluster
$ systemctl enable mariadb

Check how many nodes are active in the Cluster:

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$ mysql -u root -p -e "SHOW STATUS LIKE 'wsrep_cluster_size';"
Enter password:
+--------------------+-------+
| Variable_name      | Value |
+--------------------+-------+
| wsrep_cluster_size | 1     |
+--------------------+-------+

Node-2: Start and Enable MariaDB

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$ systemctl start mariadb
$ systemctl enable mariadb

Verify that the Node has checked in with the Cluster:

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$ mysql -u root -p -e "SHOW STATUS LIKE 'wsrep_cluster_size';"
Enter password:
+--------------------+-------+
| Variable_name      | Value |
+--------------------+-------+
| wsrep_cluster_size | 2     |
+--------------------+-------+

Node-3: Start and Enable MariaDB

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$ systemctl start mariadb
$ systemctl enable mariadb

Verify that the Node has checked in with the Cluster:

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$ mysql -u root -p -e "SHOW STATUS LIKE 'wsrep_cluster_size';"
Enter password:
+--------------------+-------+
| Variable_name      | Value |
+--------------------+-------+
| wsrep_cluster_size | 3     |
+--------------------+-------+

Create a Database, Table and Record:

Write some data to the table, then reboot the node, in this example on node-1, then logon to node-2 check the number of nodes that’s active in the cluster, which should be 2, then at the same time, look if the data is replicated:

Node-1: Writing the Data to Our Galera Cluster

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MariaDB [(none)]> create database test;
MariaDB [(none)]> use test;
MariaDB [test]>   create database test;
MariaDB [test]>   create table foo (name VARCHAR(20));
MariaDB [test]>   insert into foo values('ruan');
MariaDB [test]>   select * from foo;
+------+
| name |
+------+
| ruan |
+------+

Now that our data is in our database, reboot the node, logon to node-2 and check if the data is replicated:

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$ mysql -u root -p
MariaDB [(none)]> use test;
MariaDB [test]>   select * from foo;
+------+
| name |
+------+
| ruan |
+------+

While the one node is rebooting, check how many nodes are checked into our cluster:

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$ mysql -u root -p -e "SHOW STATUS LIKE 'wsrep_cluster_size';"
Enter password:
+--------------------+-------+
| Variable_name      | Value |
+--------------------+-------+
| wsrep_cluster_size | 2     |
+--------------------+-------+

Our data is replicated, and after waiting for a couple of seconds, we retry our command to see if the rebooted node checked into the cluster:

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$ mysql -u root -p -e "SHOW STATUS LIKE 'wsrep_cluster_size';"
Enter password:
+--------------------+-------+
| Variable_name      | Value |
+--------------------+-------+
| wsrep_cluster_size | 3     |
+--------------------+-------+

We can confirm that the node that was rebooted, has checked in with the cluster again.

Firewall Rules opened while testing:

TCP: 3306, 4567, 4568, 4444 UDP: 4567

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