Ruan Bekker's Blog

From a Curious mind to Posts on Github

Secure Your Access to Kibana 5 and Elasticsearch 5 With Nginx for AWS

As until now, AWS does not offer VPC Support for Elasticsearch, so this make things a bit difficult authorizing Private IP Ranges.

One workaround would be to setup a Nginx Reverse Proxy on AWS within the your Private VPC, associate a EIP on your Nginx EC2 Instance, then authorize your EIP on your Elasticsearch IP Access Policy.

Update:

Our Setup:

In this setup, we will have an Internal ELB (Elastic Load Balancer), which we will associate 1 or more EC2 Nginx Instances behind the ELB, then setup our Nginx to Revere Proxy our connections through to our Elasticsearch Endpoint.

We will also setup Basic HTTP Authentication for our / elasticsearch endpoint, and our /kibana endpoint. But we will keep the authentication seperate from each other, so that credentials for ES and Kibana is not the same, but depending on your use case, you can allow both endpoints to reference the same credential file.

Install Nginx

Depending on your Linux Distribution, the package manager may differ, I am using Amazon Linux:

Install Nginx
1
2
$ sudo yum update -y
$ sudo yum install nginx httpd-tools -y

Configure Nginx:

Remove the default configuration and replace the nginx.conf with the following:

Remove Default Nginx Config
1
$ sudo rm -r /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Main Nginx Configuration:

/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
pid /run/nginx.pid;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;

events {
  worker_connections 1024;
}

http {

  # Basic Settings
  sendfile on;
  tcp_nopush on;
  tcp_nodelay on;
  keepalive_timeout 65;
  types_hash_max_size 2048;
  server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;

  include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
  default_type application/octet-stream;

  # Logging Settings
        log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

  access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;

  # Gzip Settings
  gzip on;
  gzip_disable "msie6";

  # Elasticsearch Config
  include /etc/nginx/conf.d/elasticsearch.conf;
}

The Reverse Proxy Configuration:

/etc/nginx/conf.d/elasticsearch.conf
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
server {

  listen 80;
  server_name elk.mydomain.com;

  # error logging
  error_log /var/log/nginx/elasticsearch_error.log;

  # authentication: server wide
  #auth_basic "Auth";
  #auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.secrets;

  location / {

    # authentication: elasticsearch
    auth_basic "Elasticsearch Auth";
    auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.secrets_elasticsearch;

    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_set_header Host https://search.eu-west-1.es.amazonaws.com;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP {NGINX-EIP};
    proxy_set_header Connection "Keep-Alive";
    proxy_set_header Proxy-Connection "Keep-Alive";
    proxy_set_header Authorization "";

    proxy_pass https://search.eu-west-1.es.amazonaws.com/;
    proxy_redirect https://search.eu-west-1.es.amazonaws.com/ http://{NGINX-EIP}/;

  }

  location /kibana {

    # authentication: kibana
    auth_basic "Kibana Auth";
    auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.secrets_kibana;

    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_set_header Host https://search.eu-west-1.es.amazonaws.com;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP {NGINX-EIP};
    proxy_set_header Connection "Keep-Alive";
    proxy_set_header Proxy-Connection "Keep-Alive";
    proxy_set_header Authorization "";

    proxy_pass https://search.eu-west-1.es.amazonaws.com/_plugin/kibana/;
    proxy_redirect https://search.eu-west-1.es.amazonaws.com/_plugin/kibana/ http://{NGINX_EIP}/kibana/;

  }

  # elb checks
  location /status {
    root /usr/share/nginx/html/;
  }

}

Setup Authentication:

Setup the authentication for elasticsearch and kibana:

Create Auth for Kibana and Elasticsearch
1
2
$ sudo htpasswd -c /etc/nginx/.secrets_elasticsearch admin
$ sudo htpasswd -c /etc/nginx/.secrets_kibana admin

Restart Nginx and Enable on Startup

Restart the nginx process and enable the process on boot:

Restart Nginx
1
2
$ sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart
$ sudo chkconfig nginx on

Configure ELB:

Create a New Internal ELB, set the Backend Instances on Port 80, and the healthcheck should point to /status/index.html as this location block does not require authentication and our ELB will be able to get a 200 reponse if all is good. Next you can configure your Route 53 Hosted Zone, elk.mydomain.com to map to your ELB.

End Result

Now you should be able to access Elasticsearch on http://elk.mydomain.com/ and Kibana on http://elk.mydomain.com/kibana after authenticating.

Comments