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Create a ZFS Raidz1 Volume Pool on Ubuntu 16

Setting up ZFS Volume Pool on Ubuntu 16.04

Installation

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$ sudo apt-get install zfsutils-linux -y

Creating the ZFS Storage Pool

We will create a RAIDZ(1) Volume which is like Raid5 with Single Parity, so we can lose one of the Physical Disks before Raid failure.

Let’s first have a look at our disks that we have on our server:

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$ lsblk
NAME    MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
xvda    202:0    0   8G  0 disk
└─xvda1 202:1    0   8G  0 part /
xvdf    202:80   0 100G  0 disk 
xvdg    202:80   0 100G  0 disk 

So we will be creating the volume consisting of /dev/xvdf and /dev/xvdg and we will name our pool: storage-pool

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$ zpool create storage-pool raidz1 xvdf xvdg -f

Listing Pools

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$ zpool list
NAME           SIZE  ALLOC   FREE  EXPANDSZ   FRAG    CAP  DEDUP  HEALTH  ALTROOT
storage-pool   199G   125K   199G         -     0%     0%  1.00x  ONLINE  -

We can also list the volume with zfs:

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$ zfs list
NAME            USED  AVAIL  REFER  MOUNTPOINT
storage-pool    125K  199G   19K    /storage-pool

Mounting the Volume:

You will find that the volume is already mounted:

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$ df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/xvda1      7.7G  1.1G  6.7G  14% /
pool            199G  125K  198G   1% /pool

Resources:

See how Brett Kelly from 45 Drives tried to break a Storage Cluster with GlusterFS and ZFS:

Great ZFS Performance Comparison:

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